Desalination

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Desalination has been the major source of potable water in arid regions for years, and a critical component of sustaining life and economic growth in the Gulf region.

The overall installed capacity in this region amounts to about 40% of the world’s desalinated water capacity, and the United Arab Emirates stands as the second largest producer following the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Masdar's Renewable Energy Seawater Desalination Programme foresees the demonstration of two different technologies:

Type 1

Advanced technologies - defined as technologies that are based on commercially proven systems - are expected to have the potential to lower the specific energy consumption to reach the following target values:

• Reverse osmosis plants: less than 3.6 kWh/m3 of electric energy

• Thermal desalination plants: less than 1.0 kWh/ m3 of electric energy and a specific thermal energy consumption varying in accordance to the temperature of the inlet energy stream

Type 2

Innovative desalination technologies - defined as technologies that are based on novel concepts for seawater desalination - have the potential to lower the specific energy consumption to reach the following target values:

• Membrane based processes: less than 3.1 kWh/ m3 of electric energy

• Thermal desalination processes: less than 1.0 kWh/m3 of electric energy and a specific thermal energy consumption varying in accordance to the temperature of the inlet energy stream

Read more about Masdar’s Renewable Energy Seawater Desalination Programme